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Vertical gardens as an urban trend

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Vertical gardens: lush nature in a small space

Vertical gardens are considered real space saving wonders. With a vertical wall of plants and planted shelves on the balcony, you can also contribute to biodiversity and climate protection. The trend started primarily in urban environments, but the vertical garden on the wall of the house, on the terrace or in the garden is also becoming increasingly common in rural areas. The idea behind it is as simple as it is clever: you don't lay out the greenery horizontally, as is usually the case, but rather in a way that extends upwards. It doesn't matter whether it's in a high-rise building, on the façade of an old building or even in the interior of a company: Plant systems aligned in height can be installed almost anywhere. They are visual highlights and make a contribution to air purification in big cities that are often polluted by harmful substances. They are also convincing as decorative eye-catchers and make it possible to grow vegetables, lettuce and herbs yourself, even without your own garden. In addition, the vertical garden can be used as a privacy screen.

These plants are suitable for your vertical garden

There is a wide selection of plants for vertical planting. On the planting shelf, a combination of vertically growing, bushy and downward growing plants is an ideal choice to add more variety to the look. Vegetables suitable for vertical balcony gardening include pea plants, snack cucumbers, tomatoes, chilies, peppers, and climbing or hanging strawberries. Herbs such as basil, thyme, rosemary or oregano are also suitable for vertical planting. If you want to integrate a shelf into your vertical balcony garden, it's best to go for raspberries and blueberries or bilberries. Picking lettuce is considered particularly uncomplicated and thus also does well in the vertical garden on the balcony. In the case of ornamental plants, downward-tending flowers are particularly useful. For example, the vertical plant wall can be provided with verbena, nasturtium, snowflake flower or two-tooth. Other great plants for the vertical garden are bellflowers, ferns, purple bells or climbing spindles.

Especially in metropolises like Frankfurt, vertical gardens are an integral part of new construction projects

How to create a vertical garden

It is advisable to consider in advance exactly how your vertical plant garden will be structured. Thus, the garden can be implemented outdoors or indoors, with or without soil, and with or without automatic irrigation. Here you can then choose the plants with their needs in mind. There are various complete systems available in most home improvement stores that can be used to build a vertical garden without much prior knowledge or effort. For example, here you can also find components for the vertical garden with irrigation system. If you prefer to do it yourself and build the vertical wall planting or balcony planting independently, you do not have to spend a lot of money for this.

For example, pallets offer a great way to be complemented with flower boxes, rain gutters and PVC pipes cut in half. One thing to keep in mind is that the pallets should be placed on end, if possible, and have burlap on the inside. Then attach pond liner to the bottom and short sides. For the crops to be grown, you will need the appropriate substrate, which should ideally be nutrient-rich. From the front, cut small slits in the canvas so that the root balls fit through. Watering is done through the open side or directly at the root. Empty plastic bottles can also be turned into planters by cutting them open, filling them with soil and plants, and then hanging them from ropes.

Frequently asked questions

Written by:

Stefanie Aust, Guest Writer

Stefanie loves to put complex topics from the real estate world into understandable and inspiring words. Whether it's about the right financing, choosing the right type of flat, or a successful property search: Stefanie is happy to inform you.

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