Complete guide on how to fireproof your home: expert's advice

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Should I fireproof my home?

Losing a home is devastating. While there is no surefire way to fireproof your house, there are a few things you may do to mitigate the impact. Fireproofing is the process of rendering structures incombustible or resistant to fire by using fire-resistant materials. It minimises the escalation of fire and decreases the chances of building collapse for the safe departure of residents during fire accidents. If you're looking to make your current home more fireproof, the following recommendations may be helpful:

Invest in fire sprinklers

Fire sprinklers work 91% of the time and are effective 97%, for a combined success rate of 87%. Sprinklers are classified according to their mode of operation as dry pipe, wet pipe, deluge, or pre-action. The most common type is wet pipe sprinklers, which are frequently connected to a piping system with a constant water supply to ensure immediate discharge when triggered. With dry pipe sprinklers, the piping is usually filled with pressurised nitrogen released via the sprinkler head before water starts to flow. It might create a slight delay, but it helps prevent water from freezing in the sprinkler system during cold weather. Consider the deluge system, which releases water to the entire area for optimum protection in hazardous locations. Pre-action systems, on the other hand, are more suited for use in areas where water damage caused by faulty plumbing or sprinklers needs to be avoided.

Whichever sprinkler system you choose to protect your property from fire, sprinklers share some crucial traits that make them efficient fire-control tools:

  • Sprinklers emit less water than the fire department, limiting the extent of water damage.
  • Each sprinkler head in any system operates independently, reducing water damage.
  • They are triggered by heat rather than smoke, reducing the possibility of accidental activation.

Fireproof paint

Protect areas prone to fire hazards in your home by spraying them with eco-friendly fire-resistant chemicals. The paints are also known as intumescent coatings. When exposed to heat, the paints undergo a chemical reaction that forms a barrier between your home and the fire, minimising the impact and spread of the fire. They will expand up to 100 times their original thickness in severe temperatures to provide better protection. Paint on fireproofing comes in handy when aesthetics is a factor, especially for steel exposed to the public. Its application is simple, and it is similar to applying regular paint. Each layer increases the thickness of the surface, which improves the product's fire resistance. The intumescent coatings can be applied to both metal and wood buildings.

Fire sprinklers are a great addition to your home's fireproofing effort

Fireproofing insulation systems

Besides using sprinklers and fireproof paint, you can also employ other optional methods and give your house a chance against fire. Owing to their excellent heat resistance, blanket systems have grown popular as a low-maintenance, toxin-free fireproofing material. They comply with nearly all safety requirements, providing a dependable yet cost-effective method of containing the spread of fire. When installed between flanges and tied to the rolled sections, autoclaved aerated concrete produce fireproofing characteristics around steel columns. It is beneficial when you need long fire resistance protection. Fireproofing insulation boards come in varied thicknesses and are mostly preferred since you can install them while installing beams and decks. They are quite versatile since they are fireproof and provide acoustic control. Generally, insulation systems help by delivering heat absorption, which reduces the rate of temperature rise in the area being protected.

Frequently Asked Questions

Written by:

Elvis Miculis

Elvis is an expat who just recently moved to Berlin. He loves to explore the city, especially architecture and parks.

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