What are energy-saving lamps?
In times of rapidly rising energy prices, electricity-saving measures are valuable in reducing costs. Many people turn to energy-saving lamps and light bulbs for lighting. These are compact fluorescent lamps, also known as gas discharge lamps, as they produce light through electrical gas discharge. The gases used here are, for example, xenon, neon or krypton. Compared to conventional lamps, the energy-saving options consume up to 75% less electricity. An energy-saving lightbulb with 12 watts has the luminosity of a classic 60-watt lamp. Such an energy-saving lamp can be used outdoors as well as indoors. For outdoor use, there are also energy-saving lamps with motion detectors. The brightness of the lamps is measured in lumens. Classic 60-watt lamps have a luminosity of 500 to 800 lumens. This helps if you want to convert the luminosity of energy-saving lamps into watts.
Types of energy-saving lamps
Anyone who asks the question "What energy-saving lamps are there?" quickly finds out that there are many different variants technically speaking. The first energy-saving bulbs available on the market were compact fluorescent lamps. Here, an electrical ballast is housed in the base. High-voltage halogen lamps also have a conventional base and save up to 30% energy. One form that is increasingly used is the lamp with a light-emitting diode (LED). LEDs are similar in efficiency to compact fluorescent lamps. In the past, these lights had a low luminous power, but this has been improved by technical developments, which ensures that they are becoming more popular. However, since they are not replaceable bulbs, but a device with permanently installed LEDs, they are different from the conventional energy-saving bulbs. If the LED has reached the end of its service life, you must replace the entire light fixture. However, these lamps also have a relatively long life, usually lasting several years.
Advantages and disadvantages of energy saving lamps
What exactly are the benefits of energy-saving lamps? One of the biggest advantages of an energy-saving lamp is its significantly longer lifespan. While classic lamps last for a maximum of 1,000 hours, the operating time of energy-saving lamps can be as long as 15,000 hours. In addition, energy-saving lamps are now available with warm white light or in bright colors, making them just as versatile as their conventional counterparts. Thanks to their lower power consumption, they also offer high cost-saving potential. In addition, these lights become less hot to the touch. One of the disadvantages is that they often take a while to reach their full luminosity. They can also contain mercury, which makes disposal difficult. Also, there are only a few selected models that have a dimming function.
Disposal of the energy saving bulbs
Energy-saving lamps are usually considered hazardous waste, so there are a few aspects to consider when it comes to their disposal. With compact fluorescent lamps, you should note that they contain a small amount of mercury. Therefore, like the old light bulbs with filament, they do not belong in the household waste, but must be disposed of at collection points or fluorescent sellers. LED lights should also be disposed of at the recycling center due to the electronics built into them. They belong in the electrical waste collection.
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